K3s + Fleet

Running k3s and Fleet on a Elemental vanilla raw image

This is a work in progress example of how to deploy K3S + Fleet + System Upgrade Controller over a Elemental vanilla image only by using cloud-init yaml configuration files. The config file reproduced here is meant to be included as a user-data in a cloud provider (aws, gcp, azure, etc) or as part of a cdrom (Elemental-Recovery will try to fetch /userdata file from a cdrom device).

A vanilla image is an image that only provides the Elemental-Recovery system on a COS_RECOVERY partition. It does not include any other system and it is meant to be dumped to a bigger disk and deploy a Elemental system or a derivative system over the free space in disk. COS vanilla images are build as part of the CI workflow, see CI artifacts to download one of those.

The configuration file of this example has two purposes: first it deploys Elemental, second in reboots on the deployed OS and deploys K3S + Fleet + System Upgrades Controller.

On first boot it will fail to boot Elemental grub menu entry and fallback to Elemental-Recovery system. From there it will partition the vanilla image to create the main system partition (COS_STATE) and add an extra partition for persistent data (COS_PERSISTENT). It will use the full disk, a disk of at least 20GiB is recommended. After partitioning it will deploy the main system on COS_STATE and reboot to it.

On consequent boots it will simply boot from COS_STATE, there it prepares the persistent areas of the system (arranges few bind mounts inside COS_PERSISTENT) and then it runs an standard installation of K3s, Fleet and System Upgrade Controller. After few minutes after the system is up the K3s cluster is up and running.

Note this setup similar to the derivative example using Fleet. The main difference is that this example does not require to build any image, it is pure cloud-init configuration based.

User data configuration file

name: "Default deployment"
     - if: '[ -f "/run/cos/recovery_mode" ]'
       name: "Repart image"
         # It will partition a device including the given filesystem label or part label (filesystem label matches first)
           label: COS_RECOVERY
           - fsLabel: COS_STATE
             # 15Gb for COS_STATE, so the disk should have, at least, 20Gb
             size: 15360
             pLabel: state
           - fsLabel: COS_PERSISTENT
             # unset size or 0 size means all available space
             pLabel: persistent
     - if: '[ ! -f "/run/cos/recovery_mode" ]'
       name: "Persistent state"
       environment_file: /run/cos/cos-layout.env
         OVERLAY: "tmpfs:25%"
         RW_PATHS: "/var /etc /srv"
         PERSISTENT_STATE_PATHS: "/root /opt /home /var/lib/rancher /var/lib/kubelet /etc/systemd /etc/rancher /etc/ssh"
     - name: "Setup SSH keys"
         # It can download ssh key from remote places, such as github user keys (e.g. `github:my_user`)
         - my_custom_ssh_key
     - if: '[ ! -f "/run/cos/recovery_mode" ]'
       name: "Fleet deployment"
       - path: /etc/k3s/manifests/fleet-config.yaml
         content: |
              apiVersion: helm.cattle.io/v1
              kind: HelmChart
                name: fleet-crd
                namespace: kube-system
                chart: https://github.com/rancher/fleet/releases/download/v0.3.3/fleet-crd-0.3.3.tgz
              apiVersion: helm.cattle.io/v1
              kind: HelmChart
                name: fleet
                namespace: kube-system
                chart: https://github.com/rancher/fleet/releases/download/v0.3.3/fleet-0.3.3.tgz              
     - if: '[ -f "/run/cos/recovery_mode" ]'
       name: "Deploy cos-system"
         # Deploys the recovery image.
         # use --docker-image to deploy a custom image
         # e.g. `elemental reset --docker-image quay.io/my_custom_repo:my_image`
         - elemental reset --reboot
     - if: '[ ! -f "/run/cos/recovery_mode" ]'
       name: "Setup k3s"
       - path: "/usr/local/bin"
         permissions: 0755
         owner: 0
         group: 0
       - |
            curl -sfL https://get.k3s.io | \
            INSTALL_K3S_VERSION="v1.20.4+k3s1" \
            INSTALL_K3S_EXEC="--tls-san {{.Values.node.hostname}}" \
            INSTALL_K3S_SELINUX_WARN="true" \
            sh -
            # Install fleet 
            kubectl apply -f /etc/k3s/manifests/fleet-config.yaml
            # Install system-upgrade-controller
            kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/rancher/system-upgrade-controller/v0.6.2/manifests/system-upgrade-controller.yaml            

Last modified June 11, 2022: Fix typo (#1503) (8b07f26a0)